The main objective of this study has been to “quantify a posteriori the socio-economic impacts resulting from the ARTES programme by identifying adequate criteria, developing a method to assess the programme on the basis of these criteria, apply this method in order to obtain final results and to report on them” (ESA, Invitation to Tender AO/1-6748/11NL/NR).
This overarching objective was associated with several more detailed requirements, as follows:
The study key issues addressed and main findings are as follows:
The study will serve to inform the benefits of investing in the ARTES programme. Also the methodology and lessons learned will serve to inform future evaluations and impact assessments of the programmes (and of similar programmes).
The study follows a mixed-methods approach, which combines qualitative and quantitative techniques to assess various routes to impact and also to arrive at a final estimate of overall economic impact
The study comprised a targeted literature review of approaches to measuring the socio-economic impact of public investments in Space; composition analysis of ARTES funding over time (by type of participant, ARTES programme element and country); a comprehensive interview campaign to gather financial and other information from the most active industrial participants, including meetings with the senior representatives of 11 parent companies, and an online survey directed to another 137 companies that had a moderate participation in the programme; preparation of in-depth case studies at company level to identify routes to impact and ESA’s critical role in achieving success; and case studies to characterise a selection of the most notable types of wider socio-economic benefits of ARTES (in terms of connecting remote areas and businesses, improving connectivity in the maritime and aerospace sector, supporting disaster relief management, supporting new broadcasting, supporting electoral process, supporting the provision of health, supporting financial inclusion and enabling scientific missions). The study estimated economic impact following a methodology that accounts for (1) direct economic impact on participant companies and estimated impact along the supply chain in terms of increases in turnover and employment, (2) adjustment factor to estimate the value of impact that can be attributed to the ARTES programme (i.e. that would not have happened otherwise).
The study took place between January 2012 and October 2015. This timeline was driven by the challenges around collecting the necessary data from beneficiary companies. The study has been developed through five stages, as follows:
The study is currently finalised. The Final Report compiles and collates the information and evidence gathered through the different stages of the project (as described in each TN/Technical Note).