CSCE - Cyber Security Centre of Excellence and supporting technologies

Objectives

The objective of the project is to establish the CSCE as the enabler for collaborative cyber information sharing and analysis for the space and critical infrastructure sectors, developing enabling technologies supporting knowledge enhancement and information exchange specific to cyber-security with multiple aims:

  • Study, share, understand and raise awareness about cyber issues;
  • Train, test, exercise and further develop cyber-security professionals;
  • Establish a cyber-security technology test bed to develop, integrate and test advanced cyber-security technologies; and
  • Collaborate and coordinate cyber-incident response measures. 

In order to develop the envisioned cyber-security services, three technology enablers are developed within the CSCE project:

  • Collaborative coordination of Incident Response Platform (CIRP). CIRP provides a secure and near real-time environment for security operations personnel to coordinate and share cyber-incident information in order to assess impacts, identify and evaluate mitigation actions and prioritize response measures.
  • Cyber-security Integration, Test and Evaluation Framework (CITEF). CITEF provides an environment for cyber-security test and evaluation of space systems and architectures, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) solutions and advanced prototype technologies in emulated operational virtual environments. CITEF also enables realistic hands-on training and hosting of operational exercises through advanced end-to-end simulations.
  • Security Aware Concurrent Design Platform (SACDP). SACDP provides an integrated and multi-disciplinary engineering environment for system and software feasibility analyses supported by a cyber-security threat and risk assessment module and a secure system and software engineering requirements database.

Challenges

The project faces multiple challenges, related to the three technological platform to be developed:

  • CIRP: The CIRP platform has been designed in order to scale up to hundreds of tenants and hundreds of thousands of cyber-security tickets per year to be handled, with serious scalability challenges to be faced.
  • CITEF: The main challenge for the CITEF platform is related to ensuring a proper user experience on activities such as the design of very complex virtual environments for emulation, testing, cyber range. The construction of the virtual networks leveraging the environments, in particular, is extremely complex.
  • SACDP: The main challenge for the SACDP platform lies on the complexity of embedding multiple risk assessment methodologies on a single software platform, encompassing different levels of precision for the risk assessments outputs, depending on the system engineering phase when the risk assessment is performed

Benefits

Each of the CSCE technological platforms developed within the CSCE project brings consistent improvements in the cyber security landscape:

  • CIRP encompasses a complex management of different level of confidentiality for the cyber incident information tickets, allowing multiple tenants to share only the desired information (possibly enriched and correlated with additional data)
  • CITEF is not designed for a single purpose only: it is a full framework allowing the users to create and manage multiple different virtual environments related to different activities (from vulnerability testing/pen test to cyber range, to red team-blue team exercises, etc...). The main goal is to build complex virtual environments and support the users on the usage and management of these environments and the related activities: this widens the scope to multiple possibilities (while in the actual market typical competitors usually focus on single activities)
  • SACDP enables ‘security-by-design’ concepts in the full system and software development life-cycle, leveraging a user friendly approach for conducting risk assessment iteration on systems still in development. From a market perspective, this is a unique feature.

Features

Each of the CSCE technological platforms encompass a set of unique capabilities, the foundation of the services to be delivered as final goal for the CSCE project:

  • CIRP:
    • Cyber Incident handling (customizable/extendable workflow and data model)
    • Cyber Incident sharing (selective sharing of information parts with specific partners)
    • Distributed federated deployment model
    • Structured data formats according to industry standards (STIX, CVE, etc.) for interoperability
    • Allows linking to external system data sources
  • CITEF:
    • System-of-systems solution involving a range of emulation technologies for mission control, ground station, and satellite systems
    • Supports multiple space mission types and covers both mission control and data segments
    • Adaptable test harness with standardized interfaces: discrete components within the end-to-end service can be independently replaced by technologies under test
    • Range of security testing capabilities (static and dynamic application testing tools, technical vulnerability assessment and penetration testing tools)
    • Adapted to the unique requirements of space assets security testing
    • Supports consistent system testing against formal requirements
  • SACDP:
    • Fully support security-by-design activities embedded on system/software engineering life-cycle
    • Reduces the complexity of risk assessment activities
    • Fully supports multiple risk assessment methodologies and different level of detail for the risk assessment outputs 

System Architecture

CIRP and SACDP leverage on a multi-tier software architecture, composed by a data tier, a back-end tier, a front-end tier and a client tier

For CIRP, the required scalability is achieved with the usage of a micro services architecture based on Docker, allowing the platform to be deployed on multiple hardware appliances. 

CITEF leverages a more complex architecture, since it is composed by a custom software layer (a multi-tier application leveraging the creation and organization of the virtual environments) and an infrastructure-as-a-service layer based on COTS software, managing the instantiation of the desired virtual environments. 

The three technological platforms are developed with a combination of Java components on the server-side (mainly leveraging on micro-services) and Angular5/HTML/Javascript for the client side.

Plan

The project started on August 2017 and it is planned to end on July 2019. 

It is mainly divided on two phases, with a set of reviews for each phase and for each technological platform (the three streams have different internal schedule, being CIRP the shortest and CITEF the longest):

  • Technology Phase (CIRP, CITEF and SACDP must reach TRL 6)
    • Kick-off
    • System Requirements Reviews
    • System Architecture Reviews
    • Preliminary Design Reviews
    • Critical Design Reviews
  • Product Phase (CIRP, CITEF and SACDP must reach TRL 8)
    • Test Readiness Reviews
    • Factory Acceptance Reviews

Current status

The requirements elicitation phase has been completed (for CIRP, CITEF and SACDP).

The architectural design phase has been completed (for CIRP, CITEF and SACDP) and it is under review. 

Actually, the teams started the development of the software and the detailed design, as parallel activities. 

The following reviews have been successfully held:

  • System Requirements Reviews

Contacts

ESA Contacts

Status date

Friday, June 15, 2018 - 07:06