The number of emergency situations that have occurred recently (11th September, floods in eastern Europe and recently in French Département of Gard, humanitarian crisis, civil wars, etc.) set into focus, more than ever before, the question of the means and tools available to manage these crises.
Governments have become more and more preoccupied by the phenomenon. In late August the EC announced the creation of a natural disaster fund in response to events like the floods. With an allocated budget of 500 millions Euro this fund will provide faster aid to regions hit by such disasters.
While necessary, these aid-providing programs are not sufficient. They must be complemented by adequate political and technological tools to monitor, manage and mitigate the crisis situations. The increase of natural and technological disasters damaging the environment and pressuring the populations calls for the development of such tools both on the political and the technological level.
On the technical side emerges the concept of a Wide Area Network combining various Integrated Space Technologies (EO/NAV/TEL) and capable of optimally linking together Providers and Users of data/services in the field of emergency management.
The ISTOS study aims to define such a Wide Area Network allowing to efficiently interconnect risk application users to data and services providers, using combined space technologies (TEL/EO/NAV).