OGS-LID - LiDAR-based Tx-Wavefront Sensing for Optical Ground Stations

Objectives

The main objectives of the OGS-LID activity are: 

  • Setup breadboards that emulate the optical ground station and the spacecraft to enable testing of advanced pre-compensation techniques in laboratory environment.
  • Update breadboards to enable outdoor testing.
  • Evaluate the potential of CSEM’s Lidar technology for deriving control signals for an adaptive Tx-beam shaping system that can be implemented in a commercial AOGS product series.
  • Investigate OGS specific requirements and impact within overall communication network (end-to-end analysis).

Challenges

The development of the next generation AOGS reaches the limits of today’s state-of-the-art. Thus, Synopta has carefully analyzed the associated risks and identified an appropriate risk mitigation approach. The main challenges are: 

  • Suitability of advanced Tx pre-compensation techniques for commercial optical ground stations.
  • Limitations of TX beam pre-distortion techniques which is based on adaptive optics correction in RX direction.
  • Compatibility of OGS architecture to future satellite optical payloads. 

The current activity is one pillar to address these challenges prior to a product development phase.

Benefits

The next generation AOGS product series of Synopta, both, stationary or transportable, targets application in Optical Feeder Links capable of handling multi-100Gbit/s data rates.

In general, the AOGS is fully transparent to the type of modulation applied. Transparent optical modulation schemes and their corresponding appropriate RF-optical (de-) modulation technologies for Tbit/s feeder links and corresponding high transmit power levels are supported.

Features

The Synopta AOGS product series support high-data-rate laser communication links for:

  • Data relay uplink/downlink with GEO satellites
  • High data rate feeder links for GEO satellites
  • Direct-to-Earth links, LEO and GEO

The main features of the Synopta AOGS product series are:

  1. Dual wavelength capability (1'064 nm, 1'550 nm)
  2. Support of bi-directional communication and high-data rate up- and down-links
  3. Enables Terabit/s optical feeder links (high-power AO system)
  4. Full interoperability with various types of user specific communication systems (coherent or direct detection)
  5. Standardized control and communication interfaces
  6. High operational autonomy with minimum infrastructure requirements
  7. Networking capability supporting route diversity concepts

System Architecture

The basic system architecture of the Synopta AOGS product series is shown in the Figure below.

Within this activity, mainly the Tx part of the adaptive optics is addressed.

Plan

The work plan comprises three milestones (BDR, MTR, FR). Along these milestones the main phases are:

  1. Breadboard Design Phase (KO to BDR)
  2. Breadboard Integration and Commissioning (BDR to MTR)
  3. Test Campaign and Outlook (MTR to FR) 

FR is targeted for 09/2018.

Current status

The project has achieved MTR (MS2) in October 2017.

Work in progress

Contacts

ESA Contacts

Status date

Tuesday, January 23, 2018 - 08:33