This study has identified a potential framework gap in Artes where funds are available to push technologies up to EQM/TRL6 but not available for a first flight in the context of a ‘Generic Artes Program’.
A stakeholder consultation with industry was carried out in two main waves involving respectively 42 and 54 stakeholders.
The ‘need of flight heritage’ was characterised as the difficulty for European/Canadian technology to gain first flight opportunity as a result of factors.
Industry is ready to enter into co-funding with ESA as part of an Artes initiative for an innovative item’ first flight and to be more prone to bear costs that are either internal costs or closer to the business.
The Study has analysed various potential Artes initiatives both as technology push and market pull, such as dedicated IOV missions, Hosted Payload on commercial missions, Large PPPs, and Atlas initiative.
Caption: Positioning of Potential Artes Initiatives based on Level of Operator Funding and Increasing Level of Market Pull
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In the course of the study we also developed a methodology that aims at determining the optimum balance of costs, risks and benefits for ESA and industry in order to understand when an Artes initiative is advisable, and to identify situations where the Operator’s benefits could off-set costs and risks whereby the Operator should be in a position to ‘bite the bullet’ without the need of an Artes initiative. In short, the methodology has been developed on the basis of a figure of merit based on market value, and innovation value, to provide an understanding of the merit to co-finance the first flight of an item.
The methodology, fed with all 170 suggested candidate items proved useful in showing how ESA could balance its contribution across stakeholders up within the limits of cost eligibility set forth for relevant cost elements (PFM development, accommodation study, accommodation activities on one hand, and embarkation, delta launch costs and in-orbit operations on the other hand).
Further, we estimated the cost of a first flight including costs from PFM development to early IOT operation for many items, and estimated the overall budget needs for an Artes flight heritage initiative at ATLAS conditions (in the timeframe of 2013-2018).