WP1 Define Roles and Responsibilities in Service Provision
WP1 starts with a definition of the service model for the Iris system. The model evaluates various options for service provision both on a pan-European and FAB level. The service model serves as input to the certification model and the revenue model parts of this study.
A timeline for the development, deployment and operational life is presented aligned with the European ATM Master Plan and taking into account the activities required for the acceptance and use of the system by the aviation community such as verification, validation, standardisation and certification. The proposed timeline identifies the main milestones where inputs from external entities are required, decision points related to financing and regulatory aspects, and stakeholders participating in the different phases of the programme are also identified and their responsibilities described.
WP1 defines the responsibilities in ATS and AOC provision and limitation of liabilities in design, procurement and use. This introduces the regulatory framework from EASA, EC and NSAs, and sets the basis for a coherent model in terms of responsibilities and liabilities.
WP2 Engineering requirements analysis: Satellite Operations impact on the System Design
The overall objective of the task is to ensure the system design is optimal from an operations view point from both a technical and cost perspective. The performance delivered by a system is the sum of its technical performance and how it is operated. In turn the operations is the sum of the operations organisation and the monitoring and control capability of the system together with additional analysis tools. The operating requirements are analysed from a maintainability, availability, security and interoperability perspective.
From a technical perspective, the key requirement for Iris is availability and hence this is studied in depth. From an operations perspective this will include the monitoring and fault finding capabilities needed to demonstrate that the SLAs are met. This in turn results in defining additional ‘test points’ needed in the system (possibly affecting the air interface design) as well as monitoring tools (both on line and off line). The system operation is defined in task 2.3 and then costed in task 2.6. Task 2.5 assesses a number of different architectural options, and proposes an operations approach for each.
WP3 Regulatory Activities for "Iris Subset"
WP3.1 defines a comprehensive approach for the Service Certification process of the future Satellite Communication Service as a component of the European ATM System. A detailed assessment is made of the regulations applicable to the deployment and later operations of the Iris system and description provided regulatory activities (including tasks, schedule and estimated costs) which would have to be undertaken by the different participants involved in the Iris Project until the system is declared operational in 2020.
WP3.2 describes the Iris system verification and validation approach and considers the Single European Sky requirements. An overview of the applicable context is provided, including the regulatory aspects that could potentially derive into system verification and validation requirements. Amongst them, the most relevant is the request of the SES regulation that the manufacturer has to issue a declaration of conformity or suitability for use. With the context clearly analysed together with the review of similar cases, such as EGNOS, LINK2000 and Galileo, an approach is proposed for the Iris system verification and validation and a proposal of system V&V requirements is made. These requirements are accompanied with a high-level overview of the operations procedures.
WP3.3 defines an approach for the service validation by the satellite operator and service provider following handover from ESA and defines a plan for the validation activities for the new satellite communication service with roles, responsibilities of actors involved (e.g. SSP, CSPs, airlines, ANSPs, EASA, NSAs), duration and estimate costs.
WP3.4 takes into account the current state of uncertainty of the regulatory process applicable for provision of the pan-European satellite communication system service, and identifies potential regulatory issues that might be originated from it. In addition, WP3.4 proposes a set of mitigation actions to reduce and/or minimise the potential risks derived from the aforementioned regulatory issues.
WP4 Financial Analysis: Business Case
The WP4 tasks are being developed as input to the pre-requisites for private investment to be submitted in WP5. The business case has been updated to reflect new costs from ESA and to simplify the range of options considered in Phase 1 to a limited sub-set for Phase 2. The underlying model has been updated to support the sensitivity analysis. A new revenue model is being used that estimates a fixed annual fee for ATC services and a fee per IFR flight for ATC services.