The opportunity addressed under this activity is the offering of a powerful and in-orbit reprogrammable On-Board Signal Processing (OBSP) platform with reduced accommodation burden and moderate economic costs. It will allow communications services in LEO to energy-limited microsatellites.
The key challenge of the project is demonstrating the robustness of the Data Relay Modem in the LEO space environment. To reach this goal, a set of qualification tests are executed on the Engineering Qualification Model.
The main differentiating elements offered by the targeted product are:
- the capability to embed the most advanced on-board signal processing techniques under the power consumption constraints of a small/micro satellite
- to deliver an ITAR-unrestricted digital platform
- a low production price, compatible with market expectations, and competitive
- the combination within one single equipment of several functions traditionally implemented in separate equipments
The data relay modem has an RF interface in L-band. The modulator features downlink data rates up to 300 Mbps using O/QPSK modulation with a TX bandwidth of 405 MHz, while the demodulator features uplink data rates up to 2 Mbps using QPSK modulation with an RX bandwidth of 4 MHz. All CCSDS standard LDPC coding schemes and encapsulation schemes can be supported. The modem also supports high-gain antenna tracking functions.
The high level of FPGA integration is first an enabler for powerful and demanding algorithms: advanced coding layers (LDPC, Turbo-codes), spectral monitoring, authentication and encryption, as well as unified digital architectures such as putting all demodulator and modulator functions in one equipment. Also the SEU protection mechanisms are a lot more flexible in terms of cost to the customer. On top of those key advantages, the power-to-function ratio scales according to the level of integration, which can be used to fit demanding algorithms in challenging power envelopes.
To leverage this digital flexibility, and enable new applications without requiring a redesign in the digital hardware part of the system, it is organised so that only a redesign of the RF part is necessary. This RF section itself contributes to overall flexibility, being designed around subsampling data converters.
Another asset of this product is its in-flight re-programmability as driven by market demand. Based on the fact that the SRAM-based FPGA is natively reprogrammable because of its need to be loaded at each boot time, Antwerp Space developed reliable upgrade procedures.
The equipment is designed to be powered from a 28V bus with a maximum power consumption of 35W. For a cold redundant unit the mass budget is 3.6 kg, and the volume budget is 3.8 l.
The equipment is divided into primary power supply conditioning done in the PSU board, RF signal processing functions and digital processing functions.
The activity subject of this Artes 3/4 contract fits within the broader scope of the overall development program called ‘ARGO’. The three components of this program overlap with some mutual interaction.
The overall ARGO project development process adheres to the recommended life cycle for a Space product development, wherein:
- ARTES 5.2 On-board Signal Processing (this project) maps onto Phases 0/A & B (ARGO SRR & PDR milestones)
- ARTES 3/4 LEO Data Relay Modem project maps onto Phase C to CDR milestone and the non-recurring steps of Phase D to QR milestone.
- Ka-UST Modem project corresponds to the supply steps of Phase D to produce PFM to AR milestone. The market entry for the LEO Data Relay Modem is achieved through supply to MDA, who will use the Modem as a key element within a Ka-band communication equipment for the ESA Col-Ka program enabling high-speed internet access on-board the ISS Columbus module through a data relay link with EDRS.
The objectives of the Artes 3/4 contract to develop and qualify a LEO Data Relay Modem have been successfully achieved.